What is BODMAS And BIDMAS: Explained For Primary School Parents With Practice Questions
BODMAS and BIDMAS crop up throughout primary school maths so here we cover what BODMAS/BIDMAS mean, and provide you with some BODMAS questions and exercises you can use to help your KS2 child practise accurately carrying out BODMAS calculations.
What is BODMAS?
BODMAS is an acronym to help children remember the order of mathematical operations – the correct order in which to solve maths problems.
Bodmas stands for B-Brackets, O-Orders (powers/indices or roots), D-Division, M-Multiplication, A-Addition, S-Subtraction.
What is the BODMAS rule
The Bodmas rule states that division and multiplication must be done before addition and subtraction in any mathematical example. And if there are brackets (or parentheses) and orders (of powers or roots), these must be done first of all. For example in the question 47 + 54 ÷ 9 the answer is 53 not 11.2r.
The Bodmas rule follows the order of the BODMAS acronym ie B – Brackets, O – Order of powers or roots, D – Division, M – Multiplication A – Addition, and S – Subtraction. Mathematical expressions with multiple operators need to be solved from left to right in the order of BODMAS. Division and Multiplication are considered as interchangeable and depend on which comes first in the expression, as are Addition and Subtraction.
Some children use the Bodmas rule as a mnemonic (like Richard Of York Gave Battle In Vain is used to remember the colours Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo, Violet).
What is BIDMAS?
The BIDMAS rule is an alternative acronym to BODMAS to help remember the order of operations. The only difference is that there’s an I instead of O. The meaning is the same. Bidmas is the term more commonly used in primary schools today.
Bidmas stands for Brackets, Indices, Division/Multiplication, Addition/Subtraction.
“Mathematical operations” are what you do to the numbers given. The four main operations are:
- addition (+);
- subtraction (-);
- multiplication (x);
- and division (÷).
Year 6 BIDMAS or BODMAS Worksheet
Download this FREE worksheet, that includes 14 questions to practise working with BIDMAS and BODMAS.
When presented with a number sentence containing more than one operation (such as 3 + 4 x 2) the operations cannot be completed from left to right, but instead in their order of “importance”, which is what BODMAS stands for.
BODMAS stands for:
“Orders” means square roots and indices (which you may know as square numbers, powers or exponents).
Here “Indices” (square numbers, powers or exponents) are used instead of Orders.
BODMAS and BIDMAS can also be referred to as PEMDAS.
What does order of operations mean?
This is the order in which certain operations must be completed, from brackets (also known as parentheses) first to addition and subtraction last.
It is important that division and multiplication are represented alongside each other as they are of equal importance (so must be completed from left to right, whichever appears first) – this is the same for addition and subtraction.
Below are some examples of BODMAS questions and answers children might see in schools. We’ve given you the right answer and at least one different answer to show you where children might go wrong.
BODMAS (BIDMAS) Questions and Answers
Question 1: 6 + 2 x 7
The correct answer is 20.
The multiplication must be completed first (2 x 7 = 14) and then the addition (6 + 14 = 20).
This may be commonly miscalculated as 56 by working from left to right (6 + 2 = 8, 8 x 7 = 56).
Question 2: 3 x (2 + 4) + 52
The correct answer is 43.
The BODMAS rule states we should calculate the Brackets first (2 + 4 = 6), then the Orders (52 = 25), then any Division or Multiplication (3 x 6 (the answer to the brackets) = 18), and finally any Addition or Subtraction (18 + 25 = 43).
Children can get the wrong answer of 35 by working from left to right.
Question 3: 5 – 2 + 6 ÷ 3
The correct answer is 5.
The division must be completed first (6 ÷ 3 = 2) which then leaves addition and subtraction; as both are of the same importance, we can then work from left to right. 5 – 2 + 2 (the answer to 6 ÷ 3) = 5.
This may be commonly miscalculated as either 3 by working from left to right, or as 1 by wrongly assuming that addition should be completed before subtraction.
When will my child learn about BODMAS in primary school?
BODMAS is taught in upper KS2 and often primary school children won’t come across the order of operations until Year 6.
The national curriculum states that Year 6 pupils should be taught to use their knowledge of the order of operations to carry out calculations involving the four operations.
The non-statutory guidance advises that pupils explore the order of operations using brackets; for example, 2 + 1 x 3 = 5 and (2 + 1) x 3 = 9.
Other parent and child maths explainers
- Maths dictionary for kids and parents – all the terms you’ll need to know
- Fractions for kids – step by step instructions for parents and carers teaching their children at home
- Teaching Division KS2 explained for teachers, children and parents
As a parent trying to support your child with order of operations questions you’ll find that most calculators and computers nowadays are sophisticated enough to complete calculations according to BODMAS. However it’s worth testing any calculator out just to be sure. There are also plenty of BODMAS calculators available online.
Practice KS2 BODMAS questions
1) 29 – 4 x 6 + 5 =
2) Write what the two missing numbers could be. (4 + ?) x ? = 100
Answer: 6 and 10 (4 + 6) x 10 = 100
3) Write the missing numbers to make these calculations correct.
a) 200 x ? – 200 = 200
b) (100 – ?) x 100 = 100
Answers: a) 2 b) 99
4) Write the correct sign >, < or = in each of the following
a) (10 + 5) – 9 [ ] (10 + 9) – 5
b) 3 x (4+5) [ ] (3 x 4) + 5
c) (10 x 4) / 2 [ ] 10 x (4 / 2)
a) (10 + 5) – 9 < (10 + 9) – 5
b) 3 x (4+5) > (3 x 4) + 5
c) (10 x 4) / 2 = 10 x (4 / 2)
Practice Year 6 BODMAS questions
Other tricky primary maths curriculum topics you may need help on
- What is a unit fraction?
- What is a number sentence?
- What is place value?
- What are number bonds?
- Properties of shapes
- What are 2D shapes?
- What are 3D shapes?
- What is long multiplication?
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